NEW & IMPROVED!
NOW EASIER TO READ WITH COLOR CODED RANGES, BASE WEIGHT IS STEEL SHOT (NOT LEAD), SCALE NOW GIVES START & FINISH SG FOR BEER & WINE.
Triple scale hydrometer used to measure specific gravity, brix (sugar) and potential alcohol.
Why use a hydrometer? A hydrometer is a necessary tool in wine and beer making. It is simply a long glass cylinder with a weight at the bottom. It reads specific gravity of the liquid. Specific Gravity is based on the weight of liquid. If you float a hydrometer in water, it should read 1.000 on the Specific Gravity scale if the liquid is at 60 degrees. At the beginning of fermentation a typical reading for wine is 1.090. This means, for example, that the juice at that point weighs 9 percent more than water, or the juice is 9 percent thicker than water. When all the sugar is turned into alcohol, you will have a hydrometer reading on the Specific Gravity scale that is less than water - typically around .995. This means that the liquid weighs less than water, or it is thinner than water by a half of a percent. Hydrometers are very simple to use and will help determine the various stages of fermentation.
How to use a hydrometer: a small amount of liquid will need to be put into a test jar
or a wine thief
. Then place the hydrometer into the test jar or wine thief. The correct measure is when the hydrometer comes to rest.